If you’re a DIY woodworker whose only now learning about how much money you could save from building furniture from your garage, and if you need a new bed, you’re in the best place you could be. In this article, we’ll give you detailed (but simple) instructions on how to make a bed. You also know that you first need a wooden bed frame.
The best part about this woodworking project is that it will enrich you with the skills you need to tackle bigger and more complicated woodworking projects. The good news is that building a bed frame is not tough at all.
How to build a high-quality wooden bed frame affordably?
For starters, you need basic woodworking skills and an idea of the tools you will need to complete the project.
Also, before you start working, you should determine the size you’re settling for – this is often guided by the mattress size. To ensure that everything falls in the plan, you might need to draw up a plan for the bed frame. Fortunately, there are numerous bed frame woodworking plans online you could borrow ideas from.
Bed Frame Plan: Your plan should also include the list of materials and tools necessary for the job. While you know that DIY woodworking could save you a lot of money, you should also know that you have no excuse to compromise on the quality of bed frame materials.
Therefore, you need to find high-quality wooden boards without any defects. These boards must be straight and without dents. To avoid issues hours or days into the project, you might want to buy pine wood boards – but be wise in your purchase.
Frame’s Rigidity: Besides sticking to the plan, you must build a rigid bed frame. Your bed frame must be as rigid as possible, which is why experts recommend the use of an L-Square. This tool ensures that the corners of your frame are meeting at 90 degrees.
Fastening Frames: If you’re installing corner legs, you need to fasten them to your frame. You can do this by locking the legs in position, albeit temporarily, using C-Clamps.
Screws: Most of the time, we want to hide the screws’ heads. In this case, you will need to secure your bed’s frames from the inner side of the frame using pocket holes or corner brackets.
Find the right tools and materials
Like every other woodworking project, you need to ensure that you have the right tools and materials.
Lumber/ wood boards – side components, front and back faces, legs, slats, and cleats. When buying these pieces, make sure the dimensions are accurate. And as mentioned above, go for the highest-quality pieces.
- Rubber hammer and a hammer
- Tape measure, level, L-square, and a carpentry pencil
- Jigsaw or circular saw
- C-clamps – You need the clamps to secure your bed’s joints and to lock in place the wood boards.
- An electric screwdriver (preferably one with torque control for the pivot holes)
- Drill bits and a drill machine
When looking for tools and materials, you need to find the right wood screws, as well as drill bits, specific for wood. The use of bits made of wood is important because it prevents potential damage to the board or the drill. The selected bits should match with the size of your screws.
Tips, Tricks, and Steps to Building the Bed Frame
- To secure the corners of the bed frames, you need to drill holes at least 1/3 inches away from the edges of your wood boards. Doing this will prevent cracks or any other forms of damage. You could also countersink the holes to hide the screwheads, giving your bed frame a neater look. Alternatively, you could also drive in your screws the cover the screw heads using plastic covers.
- Regarding the wooden boards, you might want to glue the pieces together at the edge. Doing this increases the cost-benefit ratio. As long as you buy high-quality wood boards, the glued panels of wood will be beautifully furnished and resistant to the elements. The other advantage of these glued panels is that they don’t require sanding.
- For the slats, you also need to be careful about their quality and size because the slats will be supporting the weight of your mattress. So, if you choose to reuse old slats, you need to make sure that they are the very best. You should also polish and paint your slats using a high-quality and protective solution. You might need an electric plane and an electric sander if you use unfinished boards for the frame and the slats.
- For clean, smooth, and straight cuts, use a framing square in addition to a carpentry pencil and a measuring tape. Always double-check your measurements.
- A tip on cutting wood: Since the dimensions that you cut the wooden boards will vary depending on the size of your mattress, you should always take the mattress’s measurements and then add an additional space of about ½ inch on all the sides of the bed frame. This way, you will protect your bed and the mattress.
Take accurate measurements using a framing square then cut a line with your pencil only when you’ve double-checked your measurements. Once confirmed, mark the cut lines.
1. Cutting the frames:
You need a sharp-blade jigsaw, two C-clamps, and a fine blade for the wood. You also need an extra piece of wood with a straight edge. The second wood board goes on the first board, the saw exactly over your cut line, on both ends. Lock your wooden boards in place using the C-Clamp.
You need the other clamp to hold in place this whole setup – this prevents injury or damage to your wood frames and equipment.
2. Marking drill holes:
You need the framing square, measuring tape, and your carpentry pencil to mark out the drill holes. These tools ensure that the holes are spaced equally, to ensure the accuracy of the drill holes, the distance of the holes from the edge of the wood board to the hole markings must be half the thickness of the boards. This is the most important step in woodworking.
3. Choosing the drill bit
Your drill bit’s size should be compatible with the size of the screws since the wood screws will lock your two wood boards together. The wrong (small) drill bit would mean poor clamping of the boards.
Get a good drill with good torque control. When drilling, you should pay attention to the alignment of the wooden boards, and the clamps should be tightly held in place. The drill should also be in perfect alignment with your wooden boards. You’ll need to drill another hole in the adjacent wooden board.
When drilling, hold the drill with one hand as you would a gun and keep your index finger right on the start button and hold it in place firmly, drilling progressively (low speed then high speed after a few seconds).
After drilling, drive in the screws using a screwdriver (electric). Once you’ve locked the corners in place, check with the framing square to ensure that the corners are at 90-degree angles. For that neat look, countersink the head of your screws.
Your corners should have no spaces, and the boards shouldn’t have cracks. To hide the joints, you could use the pocket hole system.
Make sure the frame has side railings before you install the slats. A spirit level will ensure that the side railings are leveled out. You don’t have to screw in your slats. Lastly, paint the bed frame.